ALL 123 FRIDA KAHLO PAINTINGS IN THE COLLECTION AND ON THIS WEB-SITE ARE LICENSED REPLICAS: BY © BANCO DE MÉXICO DIEGO RIVERA & FRIDA KAHLO MUSEUMS TRUST / VG BILD-KUNST, BONN 2008.
These and 200 more photos are part of our exhibition. We are happy to share them with our Kunstmuseum Gehrke-Remund visitors, all the Frida Kahlo fans, with our friends and with you.
Photo: First exhibition organized by the Seminary of Mexican Culture and installed in the Palacio de Bellas Artes, inaugurated on 20 November 1942. Frida Kahlo and appreciate the architect José Luis Cuevas (highest) among officials INBA. (Photograph unknown)
Frida Kahlo painted „The wounded table“ (La Mesa Herida - Der verwundete Tisch)
between end 1939 and January 1940. As in December 1939 the divorce from Diego Rivera became official, she reproduced her emotional pain in this painting.
This painting was created for the International Surrealist Exhibition in the Galería de Arte Mexicano in Mexico City in January 1940.
„The wounded table“ was subsequently shown in exhibitions in USA and Europe. It disappeared in 1955 on its way to an exhibition in Moscow.
In the painting Frida is surrounded by objects which represent one aspect of her emotional situation. She looks directly at the viewer, she wears her Tehuana clothes and jewelry. Her hair are open on one side.
A deep wound, no longer bleeding, can be seen on her neck.
Frida gives to the Nayarit figure on her left side, a cup containing her last drops of blood so the Nayarit can drink it.
Painting: The wounded Table, (La Mesa Herida),1940, Oil on Canvas 122 x 244 cm, Location unknown.
Licensed replica © Banco de México Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2008,
Frida Kahlo: a secret revealed. Look for more about this painting:
…. and also here:
Nickolas Muray (15 February 1892 -
2 November 1965) was a Hungarian-born American photographer and Olympic fencer.
Muray attended a graphic arts school in Budapest, where he studied lithography, photoengraving, and photography. In 1913, with the threat of war in Europe, Muray sailed to New York City.
Muray quickly became recognized as an important portrait photographer, and his subjects included most of the celebrities of New York City. In 1926, Vanity Fair sent Muray to London, Paris, and Berlin to photograph celebrities, and in 1929 hired him to photograph movie stars in Hollywood. He also did fashion and advertising work. Muray's images were published in many other publications, including Vogue, Ladies' Home Journal, and The New York Times.
Between 1920 and 1940, Nickolas Muray made over 10,000 portraits. His 1938's portrait of Frida Kaho, made while Kahlo sojourned in New York, attending her exhibit at the Julien Levy Gallery, became the best known and loved portrait made by Muray.
60 years ago on July 13th, in the first hours of the morning when everyone was sleeping in the Blue House, Frida Kahlo died in her Casa Azul in Coyoacán, Mexico City.
It seems that shortly before her death she prepared herself to let go: a few days before Frida died she gave Diego a ring as a gift for their 25th wedding anniversary. When Diego asked why she was giving it to him so early instead of waiting for the anniversary date of August 21st, Frida replied "because I feel I am going to leave you very soon".
Six days before dying she managed to get up from her bed and write on a painting with watermelons: “Frida Kahlo, Coyoacán 1954 Mexico” and the iconic “Viva la Vida”.
This is the last painting Frida signed and this is the last message she wanted us to have: VIVA LA VIDA!
No matter how arduous and painful life can be, Frida message is a celebration of life, indeed she lived her life to the fullest, never letting the circumstances have the best of her. Once she wrote: “the meaning of life is to live”, and she just did that against all odds.
Her last entry in her diary was:
“Espero alegre la salida y espero no volver jamás",
I hope the exit is joyful and I hope never to return - Frida.
Painting left: #135: Frida Kahlo, Self Portrait with Stalin, 1954, Oil on masonite, 59 x 39 cm,
Painting right: #137: Frida Kahlo, Viva la Vida, Watermelons, 1954, Oil on masonite, 59,5 x 50,8 cm. Licensed replica by ©Banco de Mexico Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2008.
Photo taken in the Kunstmuseum Gehrke-Remund, Baden-Baden, Germany
Photo: (c) Kunstmuseum Gehrke-Remund, Germany
Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera
25 years of passion of two artists larger than life Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera were married from 1929 to 1939 for the first time, and a second time from 1940 till Frida Kahlo’s death in 1954.
The years together were marked by passion and pain that these two great artists felt for each other. The influence of Diego on Frida’s life is indisputable:
He influenced her paintings, her way of dressing and presenting herself as an Aztec Queen.
Frida was eventually Diego’s soul mate, but he realized it only after her death.
Frida wrote in her diary:
“Diego is the name of Love”.
Diego wrote in his autobiography:
“July 13th 1954 was the saddest day of my life. I lost forever my beloved Frida… too late I realized that my love for her was the most wonderful part of my life”.
Painting: # 27: Frieda and Diego Rivera, 1931; licensed replica: ©Banco de Mexico Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2008
Miguel Gleason, Director of the documentaries: Mexico in Spain, Mexico in Italy, in Germany and in Europe called the exhibition in Baden-Baden: "a secret and mysterious place".
The series of documentaries have been sponsored by CONACULTA (Mexican Ministry of Culture) to document and record Mexican treasures in European museums.
In the documentary: Mexico in Germany and Austria, three highlights are shown: the headdress of Montezuma (currently in the Museum of Ethnology in Vienna), the Maya Codex (in the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden), and the Frida Kahlo Exhibition (Kunstmuseum Gehrke-Remund, Baden-Baden) currently on loan in San Diego (*).
The documentaries are meant to be distributed to all schools, universities, libraries, museums in Mexico.
(*) the 123 replicas are licensed by © Banco de Mexico, Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust/ VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn, 2008
Author: Dr. Mariella Remund
Frida’s father was born in Germany, in 1890 at the age of 19 he immigrated to Mexico.
In 1895, when he was 24 years old, he married for the first time: Maria Cardena. They had two daughters: Maria Luisa and Margarita.
In 1898, the night Wilhelm’s wife died giving birth to their third child, he asked Antonio Calderón for his daughter Matilde’s hand in marriage. Matilde would be the future mother of Frida and her sisters.
Six months later Wilhelm and Matilde were married. After the wedding, Kahlo sent his daughters from the first marriage away to be raised in a covent, Maria Luisa was three years old and Margarita was 6 months old.
Frida and her sisters had little contacts with their two half-sisters in their early childhood; only later in their lives they built a relationship with Maria Luisa and Margarita.
Photos showing Wilhelm Kahlo with the two daughters from his first marriage are extremely rare, and they were taken only in the last years of his life.
The other night my boyfriend came into my bedroom through the window because my parents do not want him, but suddenly they came because they heard our noise. I dedicate this to San Ramón Nonato who made the miracle that they did not realize that my boyfriend was hiding behind the bed and believed the story that it was my cat that made the noise. Salazar Luiciana, Tamaulipas 1940
La otra noche mi novio entró a mi recamara por la ventana porque mis papás no lo quieren pero de repente ellos entraron porque escucharon nuestros ruidos. Dedico este retablito a San Ramón Nonato porque me hizo el milagro de que ellos no se dieran cuenta que mi novio estaba escondido detras de la cama y se creyeron el cuento que era mi gatito el que hizo ruidos. Luiciana Salazar, Tamaulipas 1940
Frida Kahlo &
Culture in Mexico
Ex-Voto is a Spanish word meaning “votive offering”.
"Ex-Voto" paintings are Catholic religious paintings that became very popular in the Mexican religious culture in the 19th century. They are usually small: 30 x 20 cm and painted mostly on wood or metal.
Ex-Votos are images offered to a saint or the Madonna as a thank you for an answered prayer. In most cases, the Ex-Voto is signed by the supplicant and dated, and explains why the giver is giving thanks. In many cases, they tell a very touching personal story which is why they are so fascinating. The Ex-Voto is most often left at a church altar. They are very public, yet very personal, professions of faith in God and thanks for favors received.
The most common reason for thanks is health, with many Ex-Votos dedicated after operations. Survival of accidents is another reason, but almost any subject is sufficient to justify creating one, from finding a missing farm animal to helping to find a spouse.
The tradition of votive painting was brought to the Mexico by Spanish conquerors.
At the end of the 18th century, tin plate became widely available in Mexico and thus, Mexican folk painters discovered a new surface medium for their paintings. Because tinplate was so cheap, the practice of offering votive paintings to Jesus, Mary or one’s favorite saint became very common in Mexico,
Ex-Votos are a wonderful and unique expression of Mexican culture.
"Ex-Voto" paintings include three elements:
1) a scene illustrating a tragedy or someone with a grave illness or injury;
2) a Saint or martyr that intervened to save the person, and
3) the description of the event usually at the bottom of the Ex-Voto.
Frida Kahlo and Diego Riveras had a collection of more than 1000 Ex-Votos which can be seen in the Blue House in Mexico City.
We can see the influence of the "Ex-Voto" style of painting in some of Frida's works.
Frida would often take elements from these votive paintings to create her own style of Ex-Voto in her paintings.
The Ex-Voto (Frida called it “Retablo”) Nr. 70 in the exhibition is an example of an Ex-Voto Frida bought because it resembled her own tragic bus accident of 1925, then painted her own head (with the famous uni-brow) over the Ex-Voto, and changed the name of the destination of the bus “Coyoacan”
Frida Kahlo paintings "My Birth" Nr.34, "My Nanny and I" Nr. 47 and "The Suicide of Dorothy Hale" Nr. 63 are typical examples of Frida style Ex-Voto.
Paintings left to right:
# 34: My Birth, 1932, # 47: My Nurse and I, 1937, # 63: The Suicide of Dorothy Hale, 1938-39
licensed replica: ©Banco de Mexico Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2008
On October 13 1925 (4 weeks after Frida's accident), she wrote a letter to Alejandro Gomez Arias:"... When you come, please bring some chocolate and a Balero, the same we had on the day (of the accident) which I lost on the bus .Your friend, who is looking like a line on the landscape. Friducha
"Because of the tiny little umbrella I was very sad. Life begins tomorrow... "
Many years later, Frida talked about her accident:
"I remember it was the 17th September 1925 ... Shortly after we (Frida and Alejandro) had entered the bus, the collision happened.
First we were in another bus, but I had lost a little umbrella, and we got out to look for it, that´s why we got on that bus, which mutilated me.
The accident happened ... My first thought was for a pretty colorful Balero, which I had bought that day. I wanted to look for it in the belief that all of this would not have any consequences. "
Source: Frida Kahlo, "Now that you're leaving me, I love you more than ever,"
2007 SchirmerGraf, Munich.
For further infos about the Balero game: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cup-and-ball
#70: Frida Kahlo, Votive painting, after 1926; Licensed replica © Banco de México Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2008.
Die Farben der Frida Kahlo
Grün, Weiß, Rot sind die Farben der mexikanischen Fahne. Aber Mexiko ist mehr.
Die Farben Mexikos sind voller Kraft, bunt und positiv.
So wie auch Frida Kahlo ihr Leben trotz ihrer gesundheitlichen Probleme lebte und liebte.
Kräftiges Blau, Rot, Grün und vor allem Gelb. Farben, die eine besondere Ausstrahlung haben, kontrastreich und voller Lebensfreude.
Leuchtendes Gelb und warmes Orange spiegeln die Sonne und Wärme Mexikos wieder.
Zu den Farben schrieb Frida Kahlo in ihr Tagebuch:
Grün: warmes und gutes Licht.
Rötlich Violett: aztekisch. Die lebendigste und älteste Farbe.
Braun: Farbe von „Mole“, des vergehenden Blattes. Erde.
Gelb: Wahnsinn, Krankheit, Angst. Teil der Sonne und der Freude.
Kobaltblau: Elektrizität und Reinheit, Farbe der Liebe.
Schwarz: nichts ist schwarz, wirklich nichts.
Blattgrün: Blätter, Traurigkeit, Wissenschaft. Ganz Deutschland hat diese Farbe
Grüngelb: noch größerer Wahnsinn und Geheimnis Alle Phantome tragen Anzüge dieser Farbe (..) oder zumindest Unterwäsche.
Dunkelgrün: die Farbe schlechter Nachrichten und guter Geschäfte.
Marineblau: Ferne. Auch Zärtlichkeit kann dieses Blau haben.
Magenta: Blut? Nun ja, wer weiß